To become a naturalized U.S. citizen, you must pass the naturalization test. At your naturalization interview, you will be required to answer questions about your application and background. You will also take an English and civics test unless you qualify for an exemption or waiver.
For more information, see USCIS Policy Manual English and Civics Testing Guidance.
USCIS offers a variety of study materials, including:
These and other citizenship resources for immigrants, educators, and organizations are available on the Citizenship Resource Center website.
For information on exceptions or modifications to the English and civics requirements for naturalization, visit our Exceptions & Accommodations page.
If You Don’t Pass
You will be given two opportunities to take the English and civics tests and to answer all questions relating to your naturalization application in English. If you fail any of the tests at your initial interview, you will be retested on the portion of the test that you failed (English or civics) between 60 and 90 days from the date of your initial interview. See 8 CFR 312.5(a) and 335.3(b).